Lesson Four

Vocabulario general en inglés, sustantivos, enunciados, oraciones - General vocabulary in Spanish, nouns, phrases, sentences

Overall, substantive statements and vocabulary building is seen in the present tense with those substantive

 
LECCIÓN CUATROLESSON FOUR
VOCABULARIOVOCABULARY
ÉSTE ES / ÉSTA ES / ESTO ES (también este, ésta, esto, está)THIS IS
ÉSTOS SON / ESTAS SON / ESTOS ESTÁN / ESTAS ESTÁNTHESE ARE
UN / UNA / UNOA / AN
PLUMAPEN
PLUMASPENS
LIBROBOOK
LIBROSBOOKS
CHICOBOY
CHICOSBOYS
DÍADAY
DÍASDAYS

To form these plural you are only adds the letter "S" in the singular.

CAJABOX
CAJASBOXES
BRÚJULACOMPASS
BRÚJULASCOMPASSES

When the word ends in O, SS, SH, CH, X termination is added "ES" to form the plural.

DAMALADY
DAMASLADIES
NENE / NENABABY
NENES / NENASBABIES

When termination is consonant with "Y" is changed to "I" besides increasing "ES".

HOMBREMAN
HOMBRESMEN
MUJERWOMAN
MUJERESWOMEN
NAVAJA / CUCHILLOKNIFE
NAVAJAS / CUCHILLOSKNIVES
ESPOSAWIFE
ESPOSASWIVES

IRREGULAR PLURALS
In English there are some words like these, do not follow the above rules to form the plural.

 
ESTA ES UNA PLUMATHIS IS A PEN
ESTAS SON PLUMASTHESE ARE PENS
ESTA ES UNA GOMATHIS IS AN ERASER
ESTAS SON DOS GOMASTHESE ARE TWO ERASERS
ESTE ES UN CUADERNOTHIS IS A COPYBOOK
ESTOS SON CUADERNOSTHESE ARE COPYBOOKS
ESTE ES UN LIBROTHIS IS A BOOK
ESTOS SON DOS LIBROSTHESE ARE TWO BOOKS
ESTE ES UN LÁPIZTHIS IS A PENCIL
ESTOS SON LÁPICESTHESE ARE PENCILS
ESTA ES UNA MOCHILA ESCOLARTHIS IS A SCHOOLBAG
ESTA ES UNA REVISTATHIS IS A MAGAZINE
ESTAS SON DOS REVISTASTHESE ARE TWO MAGAZINES
ESTA ES UNA BRÚJULATHIS IS A COMPASS
ESTOS SON BRÚJULASTHESE ARE COMPASSES
ESTA ES UNA REGLATHIS IS A RULER
ESTAS SON DOS REGLASTHESE ARE TWO RULERS

USE of "A" and "AN"
"A" is used when the next word begins with a consonant as in "A PENCIL" a pencil.
"AN" is used when the next word begins with a vowel as in "AN ERASER" a gum.


Lessons of the Spanish Course

The course has 59 lessons that go progressively to learn Spanish correctly and quickly.