Lesson Forty Seven

El subjuntivo perfectivo


Tiene la misma forma, afirmativa y negativa, que el Past Perfect (had + participio pasado del verbo)


a. En el tercer condicional (third conditional), después de if. Hace referencia a especulaciones sobre situaciones pasadas, que no se pueden cambiar:

If I had got up earlier, I wouldn’t have missed the plane.
Si me hubiera levantado más temprano, no habría perdido el avión.

If the sun stopped shining, life on Earth would disappear.
Si el sol dejara de brillar, la vida en la tierra desaparecería.

b. Después de as though o as if, para expresar la improbabilidad o la irrealidad de una situación anterior a la acción de la frase principal:

He looked as if he had seen a ghost.
Parecía que hubiera visto un fantasma.

c. Para expresar deseos sobre situaciones pasadas y que no se pueden cambiar con el verbo wish:

I wish had studied more for the exam. (But I didn’t)
Desearía haber estudiado más para el examen. (Pero no lo hice)

Ejercicios: para culminar el estudio de los tres tipos de subjuntivo, ya sea presente, pasado como perfectivo, a continuación habrá que resolver los siguientes ejercicios teniendo en cuenta cualquiera de las modalidades del subjuntivos vistas.

a) Completa las frases con la forma correcta de subjuntivo de los verbos entre paréntesis.

1. I strongly recommend that he _______________ (do) exercise on a regular basis.

2. He talked as if nothing ____________ (happen) that morning.

3. It's extremely important that the rooms _______________ (be) cleaned before the inspection tomorrow.

4. I wish I ________________ (spend) more time with my children. I never see them these days.

5. Long _____________ (live) Her Majesty!

6. It's high time you ______________ (start) studying for the final exam.

7. He behaves as if he _______________ (be) the boss.

8. I suggest that you ________________ (listen) to authentical materials to improve your oral comprehension of English.

9. I wish I __________________ (take) my umbrella this morning. It's pouring!

10. If he ___________________ (be) here, he would help you.

11. It's important that she __________________ (take) the driving exam.

12. I suggest ______________________ (take) a pill a day.


1. do
2. had happened
3. be
4. spent
5. live
6. started
7. were
8. listen
9. had taken
10. were
11. should take
12. that you should take

b) Rescribe las siguientes oraciones utilizando una forma de subjuntivo y sin modificar el significado global de la oración.

1. I regret not attending the graduation ceremony.
I wish ___________________________.

2. It would be better if you didn't watch TV in the bedroom.
I'd rather ________________________.

3. I'd love to be able to stay up and party until morning.
I wish ___________________________.

4. Don't postpone telling her the truth any longer.
It's high time _____________________.

5. He really must rehearse his presentation.
It's important that _________________.

6. Sarah doesn't know all the answers but she pretends to.
Sarah acts as if ____________________.

7. The management insisted on our wearing a uniform.
The managment insisted ___________________.


1. I had attended the graduation ceremony
2. you didn't watch TV in the bedroom
3. I could stay up and party until morning
4. you told her the truth
5. he rehearse his presentation
6. she knew all the answers
7. that we wear a uniform

Lessons of the Spanish Course

The course has 59 lessons that go progressively to learn Spanish correctly and quickly.